A Field Study of Infectious Bursal Disease in A Laying Poultry Farm at Khartoum State, Sudan

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

  •   Hind E. Osman

  •   Guled Abdi Ahmed Hallane

  •   Marwa Mohamed Badawi Sheikh Edris

  •   Sadia nor Aldaim Mohamed

  •   Rawnag Hassan Alshareef Ahmed

  •   Omar Mutasim Ali Osman

Abstract

The aim of this study is to investigate field Infectious bursal disease outbreak in a laying poultry farm. The disease is an economically important worldwide disease in poultry production sector.  Serological tests (Elisa, AGID, and immunochromatography), morbidity rate, mortality rate and post-mortem changes were studied.  The results showed 100% morbidity, 28% mortality, positive AGID test and immunochromatography test and the Elisa test which was done at the end of the outbreak. Post-mortem revealed haemorrhages in the enlarged and edematous burasa, atrophy of the bursa, haemorrhage in skin, breast, thigh muscles and proventriculus as the most frequently detected lesions. The kidneys were affected showing enlargement, nut meg appearance and pale color Deposition of urates in ureters was also obvious. In conclusion IBD is a serious problem causing a considerable socioeconomic loss for the farmer, consumers and the country as a whole. The disease can be diagnosed using serological tests. IBD needs extensive effort in extension to raise the awareness of the sector about the disease diagnosis, prevention and control.


Keywords: IBD, infectious bursal disease, Gumboro, poultry diseases

References

Jackwood DJ, Sommer-Wanger SE, Crossley BM, Stoute ST, Woolcock PR, Charlton BR. Identification and pathogenicity of a natural reassortant between a very virulent serotype 1infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) and a erotype 2 IBDV. Virology. 2011; 420: 98-105.

Saif YM, Fadly AM, Glisson JR, McDouglad LR, Nolan LK, Swayne DE. Diseases of poultry. 12th ed., Blackwell publishing. 2008: 185.

Van den Berg TP, Eterradossi N, Toquin D, Meulemans G. Infectious bursal disease (Gumboro disease). Revue scientifique et technique (International Office of Epizootics). 2000; 19(2): 527-543.

Eterradossi N. Progress in the diagnosis and prophylaxis of infectious bursal disease in poultry. omprehensive Reports on Technical Items presented to the International Committee or to Regional Commissions. Office International des Epizooties, Paris.1995; 75-82.

Raj WK, Farhan AK, Kamr F, Izhar K, Muhammad T. Prevalence of infectious bursal disease in broiler in district peshawar ARPN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science. 2009; 4(1): 1-5.

Sellaoui S, Alloui N, Mehenaoui S, Djaaba S. Evaluation of size and lesion scores of bursa cloacae in broiler flocks in Algeria. Journal of World's Poultry Research. 2012; 237-39.

Faragher JT. Infectious bursal disease of chicken. Veterinary World. 1972; 42: 361-369.

Van den Berg TP, Gonze, M, Meulemans G. Acute infectious bursal disease in poultry: isolation and characterisation of a highly virulent strain, Avian Pathol. 1991; 20(1): 133-143.

Zachar T, Popowich S, Goodhope B, Knezacek T, Ojkic D, Willson P, et al. 5-year study of the incidence and economic impact of variant infectious bursal disease viruses on broiler production in Saskatchewan, Canada. Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research. 2016; 80(4): 255-261.

Pikuła A Lisowska A Jasik A, Śmietanka K. Identification and assessment of virulence of a natural reassortant of infectious bursal disease virus. Veterinary Research. 2018; 12; 49(1):89.

Tanimura N, Sharma JM. Appearance of T-cells in the bursa of Fabricius and cecal tonsils during the acute phase of infectious bursal disease vims infection in chickens. Avian Dis. 1997; 41(3): 638-645.

Skeeles JK, Slavik M, Beasley JN, Brown AH, Meinecke CF, Maruca S, Welch S. An age-related coagulation disorder associated with experimental infection with infectious bursal disease virus. American Journal of Veterinary Research. 1980; 41(9): 1458-1461.

Lukert PD, Saif YM. Infectious bursal disease. In Diseases of poultry, 10th Ed. (B.W. Calnek with H.J. Barnes, C.W. Beard, L.R. McDougald & Y.M. Saif, eds). Iowa State University Press, Ames., 1997; 721-738.

Hiraga M, Nunoya T, Otaki Y, Tajima M, Saito T, Nakamura T. Pathogenesis of highly virulent infectious bursal disease vims infection in intact and bursectomized chickens. Journal of Veterinary. Medical Science. 1994;56: 1057-1063.

McMullin P. A pocket guide to poultry health and disease. 5M Enterprises Ltd. 2004.

Inoue M, Fukuda M, Miyano K. Thymic lesions in chicken infected with infectious bursal disease virus. Avian Diseases. 1994; 38(4): 839-846.

Inoue M, Fujita A, Maeda K. Lysis of myelocytesin chickens infected with infectious bursal disease virus. Veterinary Pathology. 1999; 36(2): 146-151.

Tsukamoto K, Tanimura N, Mase M, Imai K. Comparison of virus replication efficiency in lymphoid tissues among three infectious bursal disease virus strains, Avian Diseases. 1995; 39(4): 844-852.

Henry CW, Brewer RN, Edgar SA, Gray BW. (19. Studies on infectious bursal disease of chickens: 2-scoring microscopic lesions in the bursa of Fabricius, thymus, spleen and kidney in gnotobiotic and battery reared white Leghorns experimentally infected with infectious bursal disease vims. Poultry Sciences 1980; 59: 1006-1017.

Madej JP, Chrzazstek K, Piasecki T, Wieliczk A. New insight into the structure, development, functions and populars disorders of bursa fabricius. Anatomia Histologia Embryologia. 2012; 42: 321-331.

Rosenberger JK. A laboratory manual for the isolation and identification of avian pathogens. American Association of Avian Pathologists, Kendall-Hunt, Dubuque, Iowa. 1989; 165-166.

Nunoya T, Otaki Y, Tajima M, Hiraga M, Saito T. Occurrence of acute infectious bursal disease with high mortality in Japan and pathogenicity of field isolates in SPF chickens. Avian Diseases. 1992; 36: 597-609.

Kouwenhoven B, van den Bos J. Control of very virulent infectious bursal disease (Gumboro disease) in the Netherlands with more virulent vaccines. First International Symposium on infectious bursal disease and chicken infectious anaemia. World Veterinary Poultry Association, Giessen, 1994; 262-271.

Hirai K, Shimakura S, Hirose M. Immunodiffusion reaction to avian infectious bursal virus. Avian Diseases. 1972; 16: 961-964.

Nicholas RAJ, Reed NE, Wood GW, Hebert CN, Muskett JC, Thornton DH. Detection of antibodies against infectious bursal disease: a comparison of three serological methods. Research in Veterinary Sciences. 1985; 38: 189-192.

Roney CS, Freund RC. A comparison of infectious bursal disease antibody titers using different antigens in the serum neutralization and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay tests. In Proc. 37th Western Poultry Disease Conference, 29 February-2 March, Davis, California. University of California, Davis, 1988; 17-20.

World Organization for Animal Health. Infectious Bursal Disease (Gumboro disease). Manual of Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals. 2016: 931-951.

Ley DH, Storm N, Bickford AA, Yumamoto R. An infectious bursal disease vims outbreak in 14- to15-week-old chickens. Avian Diseases. 1979; 23: 235-240.

Okoye JOA, Uzoukwu M. An outbreak of infectious bursal disease amongst chickens between 16 and 20 weeks old. Avian Diseases. 1981; 25: 1034-1038.

Hitchner SB. Infectious bursal disease, in: Hofstad, M. S.; Calnek, B. W.; Helboldt, C. F.; Reid, W. M.; Yoder, H. M. (Ed) disease of poultry , lowa state university press , Ames, Lowa, USA. 1979: 647-654.

Babiker MAA, Yahia IE, Nora K, Tawfeeg EM. Investigations on Nine Flocks Infected with Infectious Bursal Disease Virus (IBDV) in Khartoum State (Sudan). International Journal of Poultry Science. 2008; 7(3): 285-288.

Teshome M, Admassu TFB. Infectious bursal disease (GUMBORO Disease) in chickens. British Journal of Poultry Science. 2015; 4(1): 22-28.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

How to Cite
Osman, H. E., Hallane, G. A. A., Edris, M. M. B. S., nor Aldaim Mohamed, S., Ahmed, R. H. A., & Osman, O. M. A. (2023). A Field Study of Infectious Bursal Disease in A Laying Poultry Farm at Khartoum State, Sudan. European Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 3(1), 17–21. https://doi.org/10.24018/ejvetmed.2023.3.1.50

Most read articles by the same author(s)