The aim of the current study was to determine the impact of in-ovo injected D-Glucose monohydrate and ascorbic acid on hatchability, body weight and early post-hatch performance of geese. The 360 eggs from a 50-wk-old Embden crossbred breeder flock were set in a single-stage incubator with 4 treatments. The experimental treatments were: (1) non-injected Control, (2) Dextrose 24 mg / 0.5 mL, (3) Vitamin C 10 mg / 0.1 mL (4) Dextrose 24 mg / 0.5 mL + Vitamin C 10 mg / 0.1 mL. At 11 and 18 d of incubation, the eggs were injected into the albumen manually under sterile conditions. At 25 d of incubation, the same amount of the agents was injected into the yolk sac of the fertile eggs with the same procedure. The hatchability of the Control and Dextrose + Vitamin C groups were statistically different (P < 0.05). Although there was a statistically insignificant difference, the highest value was recorded in the Dextrose + Vitamin C group on the 25th-day. The hatchling weights were only influenced by the agents. The 25th-day Dextrose + Vitamin C treatment had the greatest values at body weights at hatch. There were no statistical differences by the injection days, agents and interactions regarding body weights at 7th-day post-hatch. In addition, there was no significant impact of different injection sites on both hatchling weight and, body weights of post-hatch 7th-day. It is suggested that the in-ovo injection should administrate on the 25th day of incubation into the yolk sac in goose eggs with a mixture of D-Glucose monohydrate and ascorbic acid.
Abd El-Moneim, A.M.E., El-Wardany, I., Abu-Taleb, A.M., Wakwak, M.M., Ebeid, T.A., & Saleh, A. A. (2020). Assessment of in ovo administration of bifidobacterium bifidum and bifidobacterium longum on performance, ileal histomorphometry, blood hematological, and biochemical parameters of broilers. Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins, 12, 439-450.
Bauer, R., Plieschnig, J.A., Finkes, T., Riegler, B., Hermann, M., & Schneider, W.J. (2013). The developing chicken yolk sac acquires nutrient transport competence by an orchestrated differentiation process of its endodermal epithelial cells. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 288, 1088-1098.
Campos, A.M.A., Rostagno, H.S., Gomes, P.C., Silva, E.A., Albino, L.F.T., & Nogueira, E.T. (2011). Efeito da inoculação de soluções nutritivas in ovo sobre a eclodibilidade e o desempenho de frangos de corte. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, 40, 1712-1717.
Christensen, V.L. (2001). Factors associated with early embryonic mortality. World's Poultry Science Journal, 57, 359-372.
Collins, L.M., Dziak, J.J., & Li, R. (2009). Design of experiments with multiple independent variables: a resource management perspective on complete and reduced factorial designs. Psychological Methods, 14, 202-224.
Fasenko, G.M. (1992). Factors influencing fertility, preincubation embryo development, and embryo viability in domestic fowl. MS Diss. University of Alberta, Edmonton.
Fatemi, S.A., Elliott, K.E.C., Bello, A., Durojaye, O.A., Zhang, H.J. & Peebles, E.D. (2020). The effects of in ovo injected vitamin D3 sources on the eggshell temperature and early posthatch performance of Ross 708 broilers. Poultry Science, 99, 1357-1362.
Faul, F., Erdfelder, E., Lang, A.G., & Buchner, A. (2007). G*Power 3: A flexible statistical power analysis program for the soc ial, behavioral, and biomedical sciences. Behavior Research Methods, 39, 175-191.
Fisher, R.A. (1935). The Design of Experiments. Oliver and Boyd. Edinburgh.
Givisiez, P.E.N., Moreira Filho, A.L.B., Santos, M.R.B., Oliveira, H.B., Ferket, P.R., Oliveira, C.J.B., & Malheiros, R.D. (2020). Chicken embryo development: Metabolic and morphological basis for in ovo feeding technology. Poultry Science, 99, 6774-6782.
Gumułka, M., & Rozenboim, I. (2013). Mating activity of domestic geese ganders (Anser anser f. domesticus) during breeding period in relation to age, testosterone and thyroid hormones. Animal Reproduction Science, 142, 183-190.
IBM SPSS 22. Licensed materials property of IBM Corporation© copyright IBM corporation and other(s). International.
Kadam, M.M., Barekatain, M.R., Bhanja, S.K., & Iji, P.A. (2013). Prospects of in ovo feeding and nutrient supplementation for poultry: The science and commercial applications-A review. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 93, 3654-3661.
Leitão, R.A., Leandro, N.S.M., Café, M.B., Stringhini, J.H., Pedroso, A.A. & Chaves, L.S. (2008). Inoculation of glucose in ovo of broiler breeders/eggs: incubation parameters and initial performance. Ciência Animal Brasileira, 9, 847-855.
Moran Jr, E.T. (2007). Nutrition of the developing embryo and hatchling. Poultry Science, 86, 1043-1049.
Nowaczewski, S., Kontecka, H., & Krystianiak, S. (2012). Effect of in ovo injection of vitamin C during incubation on hatchability of chickens and ducks. Folia Biologica, 60, 93-97.
Ohta, Y. & Kidd, M.T. (2001). Optimum site for in ovo amino acid injection in broiler breeder eggs. Poultry Science, 80, 1425-1429.
Peebles, E.D. (2018). In ovo applications in poultry: A review. Poultry Science, 97, 2322-2338.
Retes, P.L., Clemente, A.H.S., Neves, D.G., Esposito, M., Makiyama, L., Alvarenga, R.R., Pereire, L.J. & Zangeronimo, M.G. (2018). In ovo feeding of carbohydrates for broilers - A systematic review. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, 102, 361-369.
Roto, S.M., Kwon, Y.M. & Ricke, S.C. (2016). Applications of in ovo technique for the optimal development of the gastrointestinal tract and the potential influence on the establishment of its microbiome in poultry. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 3, 63-75.
Salmanzadeh, M. (2012). The effects of in-ovo injection of glucose on hatchability, hatching weight and subsequent performance of newly-hatched chicks. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science, 14, 137-140.
Santos, T.T., Corzo, A., Kidd, M.T., McDaniel, C.D., Torres Filho, R.A. & Araújo, L.F. (2010). Influence of in ovo inoculation with various nutrients and egg size on broiler performance. Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 19, 1-12.
Taha, A.E. (2011). Analyzing of quail eggs hatchability, quality, embryonic mortality and malpositions in relation to their shell colors. Online Journal of Animal and Feed Research, 1, 267-273.
Tako, E., Ferket, P.R., & Uni, Z. (2004). Effects of in ovo feeding of carbohydrates and β-Hydroxy-β-Methylbutyrate on the development of chicken intestine. Poultry Science, 83, 2023-2028.
Tangara, M., Chen, W., Xu, J., Huang, F.R. & Peng, J. (2010). Effects of in ovo feeding of carbohydrates and arginine on hatchability, body weight, energy metabolism and perinatal growth in duck embryos and neonates. British Poultry Science, 51, 602-608.
Tserveni-Goussi, A., & Fortomaris, P. (2011). Production and quality of quail, pheasant, goose and turkey eggs for uses other than human consumption. In: Improving the Safety and Quality of Eggs and Egg Products (Nys Y, Bain M and Van Immerseel F eds.). pp. 509-537. Woodhead Publishing. Cambridge.
Uni, Z., Yadgary, L., & Yair, R. (2012). Nutritional limitations during poultry embryonic development. Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 21, 175-184.
Wang, S.D., Wang, C.M., Fan, Y.K., Jan, D.F., & Chen, L.R. (2002). Effect of extreme light regime on production and characteristics of egg in laying geese. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 15, 1182-1185.
Zakaria, A.H., Al-Latif, A.A., & Al-Anezi, M.A. (1998). Effect of ascorbic acid on embryonic development, hatch time and growth of extended delayed placement of broiler chickens. Archiv fur Geflugelkunde, 62, 11-15.
Zhai, W., Rowe, D.E., & Peebles, E.D. (2011). Effects of commercial in ovo injection of carbohydrates on broiler embryogenesis. Poultry Science, 90, 1295-1301.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.